HÀ NỘI — Local wood processing enterprises need to expand supply chains with a focus on seeking suppliers from domestic and overseas markets to ease disruptions from China due to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak, experts have said.
According to Đỗ Xuân Lập, chairman of the Việt Nam Timber and Forest Product Association (VTFPA), this year may be turbulent for the wood processing industry as the wide-spreading virus outbreak have been impacting trade between Việt Nam and China, as well as Việt Nam’s exports to other countries.
Lập said in the price of wood products, wood materials account for only 35 per cent, while the other cost comes from auxiliary materials such as paint products, which may be US brands but are also made in China.
Lập urged local enterprises to actively and swiftly seek alternative raw material suppliers in Việt Nam as well as other countries.
“Domestic enterprises also need to connect with each other so that their products can join the supply chains of export products. When they collaborate to produce products that meet the importers’ demand, they can quickly join the global supply chain,” he told a seminar on prospects for Việt Nam’s timber industry in 2020 on Friday in Hà Nội.
However, Lập pointed out that until now, the links in the value chain of the timber industry – vertically or horizontally – are very limited. The newly-formed links are small scaled, between the forestry plantation households and some wood processing companies such as Scancia Pacific, Woodsland and Nam Định Forest Products Joint Stock Company.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) still plays an important role in exports with half of Việt Nam’s wood export value coming from this sector. However, the links between the FDI sector and domestic companies barely exist, dividing the wood industry into two separate segments – FDI and domestic, Lập said.
Tô Xuân Phúc, an expert from Forest Trends, agreed the disruptions in both supply and demand from China would cause delays in the export of Việt Nam.
“China is an important source of auxiliary materials for Việt Nam’s wood industry with items such as straps, accessories, sliders, hinges, paints and chemicals. Businesses also need to find alternative sources of supplies, especially when the materials imported from the previous period are only enough for 2-3 months of production,” Phúc said.
Wood chips are Việt Nam’s main export products to China with a turnover of more than US$972 million in 2019, or 79.2 per cent of total export turnover of wood and timber products. Meanwhile, Việt Nam imported wooden planks worth $400 million.
Phúc said COVID-19 has driven down demand from Chinese paper and pulp companies. At the same time, halts of some ports in China and its stringent inspection for means of transportation and loading goods activities by ships have also caused difficulties for Việt Nam’s exports to this country.
Vũ Hải Bằng, chairman of Woodsland Joint Stock Company, said the epidemic will have a major impact on wood companies in the early stages but with the dynamic and quick solutions, they will overcome difficulties. He also called on enterprises to search for domestic suppliers.
The United States is currently the largest importer of wood and wooden products from Việt Nam. In 2019, the US imported $5.1 billion of wood products, accounting for nearly 50 per cent of Việt Nam’s total exports and up 42 per cent year-on-year.
“There are opportunities to expand exports for the timber industry, mainly to the US market, but the risks of trade and investment fraud in the timber industry still go hand in hand with these opportunities,” Bằng said.
According to experts, the EU-Việt Nam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) will open wider doors for Việt Nam’s wood products to enter the EU market (with tariffs being just 6 per cent or less), but any breakthrough exports to this market may be seen until next year after Việt Nam’s ratification of the agreement, expected at the National Assembly meeting in the middle of this year.
The Government has set a target of $20 billion in wood exports by 2025 – nearly double the current turnover. To achieve this goal, it will require fundamental changes in both business strategies in each enterprise and the development strategy of the whole industry.
The industry meanwhile is also calling on the Government’s support in institutional and policy environment to create the most favourable conditions for their business activities. In addition, the Government also needs to create a channel to promote Việt Nam’s clean wood and timber brand.