Over the past thirty years, there has been a dramatic rise in the number of skyscrapers in the world as space decreases but demand for it increases. The advancement in engineering and technology has made such complex structures possible as newer and more innovate designs are used to combine the aesthetic appeal and strength of such buildings. There is also a competition among the world’s cities and countries to build the tallest buildings and draw the most number of people to it. Here is the list of the tallest buildings in the world as of 2020.
TALLEST BUILDING IN THE WORLD
1. BURJ KHALIFA- 828 M (2,717 FT)
This building in Dubai was originally called Burj Dubai and was completed in 2010. It was designed by Owings, Skidmore and Merrill based in Chicago and has 163 floors with a total height of 2717 feet. The building complex consists of thirty thousand residences, an artificial lake, hotels and shopping malls. It is also listed as the greatest engineering achievements in the world.
It is one of the tallest Skyscrapers located in the UAE. The hotels are renowned for their extreme luxury and have drawn many foreign tourists. The observatory deck of the tallest building in the world is located at a height of 1483 feet or 452.1 meters and Total aluminium used in the tower weighs as much as 5 A380 aircraft. Burj Khalifa has received international attention and was an initiative of the government of the United Arab Emirates to divert the economy away from its dependence on oil and towards the tourism industry. Burj Khalifa is also considered to be modern architectural wonders around the world.
2. SHANGHAI TOWER- 632 M (2,073 FT)
The second tallest building in the world has 121 floors and measures an astounding 2073 feet. It is one of the three skyscrapers in Shanghai that are on this list of the tallest buildings in the world. The construction of the building was started in 2006 and was designed by an American firm named Gensler. It took eight years to complete, being inaugurated in 2014.
Currently, it has the world’s highest observatory deck and offers a complete view of the Shanghai Skyline. Apart from offices, the Shanghai Tower also has hotel rooms and over one thousand parking spaces. It cost a total of 4.2 billion dollars. Also, the Shanghai Tower is the second-highest hotel in the world that consists of 258 room, however, the world’s highest hotel is the Ritz-Carlton Hong Kong. You should also know about the beautiful castles built around the world.
3. MAKKAH ROYAL CLOCK TOWER- 601 M (1,971 FT)
The third tallest building is located in Saudi Arabia and serves as a hotel, a shopping mall, an observatory tower to observe the moon during the month of Ramzan, an Islamic museum and a conference room. It has a height of 1972 feet and was built by the Saudi Bin Laden Group, the largest construction company in Saudi Arabia. This government-owned building was completed in 2012. As suggested by the name, the building is located in the city of Mecca and has a large clock tower.
The building of gargantuan proportions has been constructed in a record time of 6 years from start to finish. The face of the clock has an area of more than 1000 square feet. The clock has 21,000 green and white lights that indicate prayer times and can be seen from more than 30 kilometers away. You must be interested in the most famous churches around the world.
4. PANG AN INTERNATIONAL FINANCE CENTRE- 599 M (1,965 FT)
This tower is also located in Shenzhen, China and was inaugurated in 2015 through the construction is expected to go on until the end of 2017. The building has the office of the Pang An Insurance firm and also houses a mall, retail spaces, hotel rooms, and a conference center. It has a total of 115 floors with a height of 1965 feet.
The tower can be easily seen from some places in Hong Kong like Lantau Island, Shatin, New Territories West Constituency. It uses double-decker elevators, which is a feature unique to this building. It is the second tallest building in China. Humans are building amazing structures around the world. We have also listed the most famous bridges in the world.
5. LOTTE WORLD TOWER- 554.5 M (1,819 FT)
This building is built in South Korea and was planned for thirteen long years before the construction finally began in 2011 and was completed in 2016. It has 123 floors of which six are underground. It has a total eight of 1819 feet above the ground level. The most amazing feature of this building is that the roof is designed in such a way that the building can withstand earthquakes up to a magnitude of 9 on the Richter scale, which is common in South Korea. The tower is built beside the Lotte World Park and near the bank of Han River.
6. ONE WORLD TRADE CENTRE- 541.3 M (1,776 FT)
This is the tallest building outside Asia measuring 1776 feet and is located in New York, USA. It was built as a reminder of the terror attacks of 11 September 2001 on the World Trade Centre buildings that stood on the same spot prior to 9/11. The construction was finally completed in 2014 and it was named after the North Tower of the original World Trade Centre. It has received positive feedback due to its message of a united world and its use of renewable energy and rainwater harvesting.
One World Trade Centre is also the safest building in the world made up of high strength concrete that can withstand seven times more pressure than normal concrete. Also, it’s reinforcement steel bars that are significantly longer as compared to normal. Plans for future construction on the site are being made and include a 9/11 Museum and office complexes.
7. CTF FINANCE CENTRE- 530 M (1,739 FT)
The third tallest building in China and seventh in the world, this skyscraper is located in Guangzhou, China and has been built as a multipurpose space. It was completed in October 2016 and has 111 floors with a total height of 1739 feet. One of the tallest buildings in the world has been made adjacent to a large central park and a subterranean retail concourse.
The transport interchanges have been made in all the buildings that will integrate the city. The building has been made for multiple uses and therefore it has been made into four transitions, namely, office to residential, residential to the hotel, hotel to crown, and crown to the sky. It houses office spaces, over 1700 parking lots, a hotel on the top 16 floors and the world’s fastest elevators that can reach speeds of about 44 miles per hour.
8. CHINA ZUN- 528 M (1,732 FT)
China Zun or CITIC Tower is a supertall skyscraper that is currently in the final stages of construction situated in the Central Business District of Beijing. It is popularly known as China Zun and has a 108-story with a height of 528m that will bring it in the list of one of the tallest buildings in the world. The nickname of the building comes from the sun, an ancient Chinese wine vessel that inspired the building design. The building will have 60 floors of office space, 20 floors of luxury apartments and 20 floors of the hotel with 300 rooms. Also, there will be a rooftop garden on the top floor at 524m high.
9. TAIPEI 101- 530 M (1,739 FT)
This building is situated in Taipei City, the capital of Taiwan and has 101 floors and a height of 1667 floors. It was the tallest building in the world when it was completed in 2004, soon superseded by the World Trade Centre in the US. The design of this building is a perfect blend of traditional and modern and it is famous for the blue-green tint to its glass windows.
The engineering ensures that it is flexible and can withstand typhoon winds and earthquake tremors. This is the only skyscraper in the world that had concerts on the rooftop. Many singers and bands have held their concerts on its open-air terrace on the 91st floor. It is also based on the principles of sustainable development and has been awarded by the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED).
10. SHANGHAI WORLD FINANCIAL CENTRE- 492 M (1,614 FT)
This is the fourth tallest building in China and the third tallest in Shanghai. Like the Taipei 101, it has 101 floors but measured a little less, at 1614 feet. Apart from being a finance center, the building also has a shopping mall, conference center, hotels, and an observation deck.
The unique designed has received much praise for its flexible structure that balances out the pressures due to the presence of people, the heavy machinery and the wind force. It also uses a Variable Air Volume system for air conditioning. One of the tallest buildings in the world. The tower has the world’s highest Chinese restaurant with a height of 416 m located at the 93rd layer in the building.
11. INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE CENTRE- 484 M ( 1,588 FT)
This building is located in Hong Kong and was completed in 2010, at which time it was the fourth-tallest building in the world. It has 108 floors and measures 1588 feet. It has the highest swimming pool in the world located on the 108th floor and also houses shopping malls, hotels, and 5-star restaurants. The 10th tallest building in the world is the tallest in Hong Kong. It contains the world’s 2nd highest hotel and world’s highest swimming pool. Also, a bullet train station is being constructed underneath.
12. LAKHTA CENTER- 462 M (1,516 FT)
Lakhta Center is an 87-story skyscraper located in the outskirts of Lakhta in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The total height of the building is 462 m that makes it the 12th tallest building in the world. The tallest building in Europe is also the second-tallest structure in Russia and Europe, behind Ostankino Tower in Moscow. The construction of the building has been started on 30 October 2012 and it was designed for a large-scale mixed-use development that includes public facilities and offices. The building was designed by Tony Kettle and the project was continued by GORPROJECT (2011-2017).
13. LANDMARK 81- 461.2 M (1,513 FT)
One of the super-tall skyscraper located in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam was designed by the British design, engineering and consulting firm Atkins. The tallest building in Vietnam with a height of 461.2 m built on the western banks of the Saigon River in the city’s Binh Thanh District, located just north of Ho Chi Minh City’s historic centre and to the immediate south of Saigon Bridge. The beautiful tower is situated at the heart of the $1.5 billion high-end mixed-use urban areas called Vinhomes Central Park.
14. CHANGSHA IFS TOWER T1- 452.1 M (1,483 FT)
The skyscraper situated in Changsha, Hunan, China. Construction of the tower started in 2013 and completed in 2017. The twin-tower development is based on Harbour City with a hyper-connected retail development in Hong Kong. The development of the building features two skyscrapers where Tower 1 rising 452.1 meters and Tower 2 rising 315 meters.
15. PETRONAS TOWER 1 & TOWER 2- 451.9 M (1,483 FT)
Also known as the Petronas Twin Towers are twin skyscrapers situated in the Jalan Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. According to the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH)’s official definition and ranking, Petronas Tower 1 & Tower 2 are the tallest buildings in the world from 1998 to 2004, however, it remains the tallest twin towers in the world. They are serving as a landmark in of Kuala Lumpur and nearby Kuala Lumpur Tower.
It is interesting to note that twenty years earlier, most of the tallest buildings were located outside Asia, in Europe and North America, but today, none of the top ten tallest buildings are in Asia with a majority being in China. However, even as you read this list, newer and taller buildings are being planned. The Jeddah Towers in Saudi Arabia are currently being built and will be completed in 2019 having a height of 3307 feet, surpassing the Burj Khalifa. Innovation and superior design continue to progress are more and more skyscrapers are being built. However, this could have a potentially harmful impact on the environment which is being overlooked in the race for building the tallest structure. These are the tallest buildings in the world. Do post your comments.